Clogher, County Tyrone

Parish and Town (Clogher Civil Parish)

[Map]: Map showing the location of County Tyrone in Ireland
[Map]: Map showing the location of Clogher in County Tyrone, Ireland

Description of PlaceName:

CLOGHER, an incorporated-market-town and post-town, a parish, and the head of a diocese (formerly a parliamentary borough), in the barony of Clogher, county of Tyrone, and province of Ulster, 7 miles (W.) from Aughnacloy, and 82.5 (N. W. By N.) from Dublin; containing, with the towns of Augher and Five-mile-town, and the village of Newtown-Saville (all separately described) 17,996 inhabitants, of which number, 523 are in the town. This place is said to have derived its name from a stone covered with gold, which in pagan times is reported to have made oracular responses. The Clogh-or, or "golden stone," was preserved long after the abolition of paganism; for McGuire, canon of Armagh, who wrote a commentary on the. Registry of Clogher, in 1490, says "that this sacred stone is preserved at Clogher, on the right of the entrance into the church, and that traces of the gold with which it had been formerly covered by the worshippers of the idol called Cermaed Celsetacht are still visible." There is still a very ancient stone lying on the south side of the cathedral tower, which many believe to be the real Clogh-or. Clogher is called by Ptolemy Rhigia or Regia; and according to some authors, St.Patrick founded and presided over a monastery here, which he resigned to St. Kertenn when he went to Armagh, to establish his famous abbey there.

The town is situated on the river Blackwater, the source of which is in the parish, and consists of one row of 90 houses, the northern side only being built upon. Some of the houses are large, handsome, and well built with hewn stone, and slated.

The parish is of great extent, and comprehends the manors of Augher, in which is the town of that name; Clogher (granted by Chas. I. To the bishop), in which is the town of Clogher; Blessingburne, in which is the town of Five-mile-Town; Mount-Stewart; and part of the manor of Killyfaddy, granted to SirWm. Cope, and the restof which is in the adjoining parish of Donagheavy: there are eight townlands of the manor of Clogher, called abbey lands, which are tithe-free. It contains 49,761 statute acres, according to the Ordnance survey, of which 30,000 are good arable and pasture land, 213.25 are water, and 19,7 61 are waste heath and bog, the greater part of which is, however, highly improvable; of its entire surface, 43,754 acres are applotted under the tithe act. The land in the vicinity of the town is remarkably fertile and well cultivated; freestone and limestone are abundant, and there are indications of coal and lead ore. Clogher is situated on a lofty eminence, in the midst of a rich and diversified country encircled by mountains, which on the south approach within one mile, and on the north within two miles of the town, and the highest of which is Knockmany. Slieve Beagh, on the southern border of the parish, rises to an elevation of 1254 feet above the level of the sea.

The cathedral, which is to St. Macartin, and from time immemorial has been used as the parish church, was built in the ancient style of English architecture by Bishop Sterne, in 1744, at his own expense, but was remodelled in the Grecian style by Dean Bagwell, in 1818, who erected stalls for the dignitaries and a gallery for the organist and choir, also galleries in the two transepts; and about the same time the whole was newly roofed and ceiled. It is a large and handsome cruciform structure, with a lofty square tower rising from the west front, in which is the principal entrance: the throne, which is very beautiful, occupies the western angle of the south transept, and the whole of the interior is hand somely fitted up. There are two chapels of ease in the parish, one at Five-mile-Town, or Blessingburne, and one at Newtown-Saville; and divine service is regularly performed every Sunday in the market-house at Augher, in several of the schoolhouses in distant parts of the parish, and also at Lislie during the summer. The R. C. Parish is co-extensive with that of the Established Church, and there are chapels at Aghadrummond, Eseragh, and Aghentine; there are also places of worship for Presbyterians at Longridge and Aghentine.

..Extracts from The Samuel Lewis Topographical Dictionary of Ireland 1837 (transcribed by Mel Lockie).


The 1821 - 1851 census returns for Ireland were almost all destroyed in a fire, whereas the 1861 - 1891 census returns were destroyed by the government. However, full details from the 1901 & 1911 Census returns are available (and fully-searchable free-of-charge) on-line on the National Archives of Ireland website.

Townlands, Villages, & Towns of PlaceName Parish

This is a list of the settlements listed in the GENUKI Gazetteer as being within PlaceName Civil Parish, with links to the relevent GENUKI Town/Village page where available. Many places straddle parish boundaries, in which case they may be listed under each parish.


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Churches & Cemeteries:

The following places of worship and burial are listed in the GENUKI Church & Cemetery Database.

Augher: Church of Ireland, St Mark
Augher: Methodist
Augher: Roman Catholic, St Macartan
Clogher: Church of Ireland, St MacCartan
Clogher: Presbyterian
Clogher: Roman Catholic, St Patrick
Eskragh: Church of Ireland, St Mark
Eskragh: Roman Catholic, St Patrick (old)
Eskragh: Roman Catholic, St Patrick (new)
Fivemiletown: Church of Ireland, St John
Fivemiletown: Methodist
Fivemiletown: Methodist (Independent)
Fivemiletown: Presbyterian
Fivemiletown: Presbyterian (Free)
Fivemiletown: Roman Catholic, St Mary Immaculate
Lungs: Gospel Mission
Syunshin: Roman Catholic

Use these links to view all NEARBY churches & cemeteries listed in the GENUKI Church Database (irrespective of the Parish), AS A LIST or MARKED ON A MAP.

Surnames interests for PlaceName

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Strays from PlaceName in Ships' Passenger Lists

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Clogher is located close to Latitude/Longitude 54.411094 / -7.171712, which the links below will show on a variety of on-line maps:

Detailed 19th century Ordnance Survey maps for the whole of County Tyrone (at 6 inches to the mile), are available to view at the British Library in London (Reader Ticket needed) and on-line via the OSI Website.

Links to Geotagged Photographs:


A special thanks to the following people who have contributed information for this page: Mel Lockie. If you can tell us any of the information currently missing from this page, then we'd love to hear from you. You can get in-touch by using the 'contribute information' link at the bottom of this page.

GENUKI provides historical & geographical information about places and churches in the British Isles, as an aid to those researching local history or their family history; BUT has NO connection with those places or to those living there today. ALAS WE DO NOT HAVE ANY MORE INFORMATION THAN YOU CAN SEE ON THESE WEB PAGES!